Drugs

Hello friends,

Today we are going to discuss about variates of drugs and their uses, work, availability & dose

Drugs
Drug is as a chemical substance which is used for the purpose of diagnosis of prevention, cure or relief of disease.


1)Diclofenac


Works:

  • Diclofenac is a non steroidal anti inflammatory drugs (NSAID).
  • It works by the release of certain chemical messengers that cause pain and inflammation (redness and swelling).

Uses

  • headache
  • mild migraine
  • muscle pain
  • Dental pain
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Ankylosing spondylitis
  • Osteoarthritis
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Structure


Typically

  • Adult _ Apply 1%w/w gel on to affected area 3 to 4 time daily.
  • Instill to eye
  • Post _operative ocular inflammation : Adults as sodium (1%w/v),4 time daily starting 24h after surgery for up to 28 days
  • Rectal
  • Post _operative pain
  • Adults 75 to 150mg in daily divided doses
  • Child 6 to 12 year: q 1 to 2 mg/kg/day in duvided doses for max. Of 4 days.
 

Availability

  • Tablets 25 and 50 mg plain; 75 and 100 mg
  • SR: Capsules 100mg ,100mg CR:
  • Injection : 3ml ampoule (25mg /mlg: Eye /Ear.
  • Drops: 0.1%w/v: suppositories 25,50and 100 mgmGel q%w/w


Common side effects

  • Vomiting
  • Stomach pain
  • Stomach ulcer
  • Nausea
  • Indigestion
  • Diarrhea

2)Fexofenadine

Works :

  • It is an antihistaminic medication. It treat allergy symptoms such as itching, swelling, and rashes by blocking the effects of a chemical messager in the body.


Uses :

  • It is used in the treatment of allergic condition
Magicalsign.com
Structure


Dose

  • Allergic rhinitis : Adult 120mg ones daily Child (6_11year)_30mg twice daily. Urticaria and skin allergy Availability Tablets 30,60,120 and 180mg; syrup 30mg/5ml. Adult _180mg once daily. Child (6month to 2 years) :15mg twice


Common side effects

  • Headache
  • Drowsiness
  • Nausea
  • Dizziness

3)Codeine

Works

  • Codeine is an opioid analgesic which works by blocking transmission of pain signals to the brain to lower pain perception.


Uses :

  • It is used for moderate to severe pain and dry cough.
  • Availability; Tablets 1mg, 30mg, Syrup 15mg/tml.
Magicalsign.com.
Structure


Dose oral

  • Adult_30 to 60 Mg every 4.
  • Child _1year to 12 year :3 mg/kg does daily
  • Adult _symptomatic relief of
  • Acute diarrhoea 30 Mg to 4 times daily
  • Child -500 micrograms /kg 4_6 times daily.

Common side effects

  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
  • Constipation
  • Headache
  • Dizziness
  • Sleeping

4)Aspirin

Works:

  • Aspirin is a non _steroidal anti inflammatory drug with anti platalets action. It works by preventing platelets from sticking together which decreases the formation of harmful blood clots
  • This lowers the chance of heart attack

Uses

  • Heart attack. -It decreases the chance of having another heart attack or stroke form disease related to your heart or blood vessels.
Magicalsign.com.
Structure


Availability

  • Tablets 50,60,75,80,150,300,325mg


Common side effects

  • Indigestion
  • Heartburn
  • Upset stomach
  • Nausea Vomiting
  • Increased bleeding tendency

So guys, I hope you have understood the concept of the Drugs through this information. Share this information with your friends and family.

Thank You….!

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